Cladding your home’s exterior walls with composite, wood, or other cladding materials is one of the best ways to improve aesthetics and protect your home. This complete guide will cover everything you need to know about exterior wall cladding, from materials and installation to costs and benefits.
Cladding your exterior walls can completely transform the look and feel of your home’s exterior while also providing important practical benefits like weatherproofing and insulation. With the wide range of cladding options available today, from natural wood planks to composite panels and siding, cladding allows you to choose materials that match your home’s style and your budget.
In this comprehensive guide, we will answer common questions about exterior cladding and provide tips on choosing the right cladding for your home. Read on to learn all about maximizing the benefits of cladding your exterior walls.
What Are the Most Popular Exterior Cladding Materials?
When it comes to cladding the exterior walls of your home, you have a lot of great options to choose from. Here are some of the most popular exterior cladding materials:
- Wood: Wood cladding like cedar and redwood is a classic choice that offers beauty, durability, and isolation. Shiplap and other wood siding patterns add visual interest.
- Fiber Cement: This siding resists rot, fire, and pests while providing moisture control. It offers a woodgrain look with less maintenance.
- Vinyl: Vinyl siding is affordable, easy to install, and available in many colors and styles. It is low-maintenance but can be prone to dents.
- Composite: This wood cladding has a natural wood look but resists moisture and pests better. Options include cement, plastic, and wood fibers.
- Metal: Aluminum, steel, and other metal sidings offer sleek, contemporary aesthetics, sturdiness, and weather resistance.
- Stone: Natural stone veneer cladding provides a distinctive, upscale look and is very durable. Installation is more complex than other sidings.
- Brick: Like stone, brick cladding gives homes a stately, classic appearance and withstands the weather well. Brick is heavy and labor-intensive.
What Are the Benefits of Wall Cladding?
Installing cladding on your home’s exterior walls offers a wide range of benefits beyond just improving aesthetics. Key advantages include:
- Added weatherproofing and water resistance.
- Better insulation and energy efficiency.
- Sound dampening for a quieter interior.
- Protection from pests, fire, and moisture damage.
- Low-maintenance exteriors that resist rot and mold.
- Customizable looks range from traditional to modern styles.
- Potential increased home value for resale.
Cladding your walls is one of the most effective ways to safeguard your home from the elements while also boosting curb appeal. And cladding can pay for itself over time through energy savings and reduced maintenance costs.
What Factors Should I Consider When Choosing Cladding?
With the many cladding options available, it’s important to weigh a few key factors when selecting cladding:
Budget: Prices vary widely based on material, from affordable vinyl siding to premium woods.
Appearance: Match your preferred architectural style and color scheme.
Durability: Look at expected lifespan, weather/pest resistance, and maintenance needs.
Eco-friendliness: Some claddings are greener than others. Compare composition and production.
Fire resistance: Some materials are safer and limit the spread of exterior fire.
Insulation: Better isolation means more energy savings. Compare R-values.
Weight: Heavy materials like stucco and stone require more robust walls.
Installation: Factor in easier DIY vs. professional installation for some claddings.
What are the steps for installing wall cladding?
Installing cladding is a major project that requires planning, preparation, and care. Here is a basic overview of the installation process:
- Inspect and repair walls as needed to provide a flush, stable surface.
- Remove existing siding if present, using caution around windows, trim, etc.
- Install a weather barrier like house wrap over sheathing for moisture protection.
- Attach furring strips horizontally as a base to attach cladding to the wall.
- Measure and cut cladding boards to fit each wall, allowing for gaps. Create corner joints.
- Use nails, screws, or adhesive to affix cladding along the furring strips, maintaining alignment.
- Install decorative trim pieces around windows, doors, and corners to create finished edges.
- Caulk gaps and seams to prevent moisture intrusions. Prime and paint the cladding if needed.
- Make any final adjustments, and touch up the paint.
Proper surface preparation and careful installation are key to getting long-lasting performance from cladding. Consider hiring a professional installer for the best results.
How much does wall cladding cost in Toronto, Ontario?
The total cost to install cladding can vary quite a bit based on the size of your home, the cladding materials selected, and whether you DIY or hire pros. In general, expect to pay:
- $7–11 per sq. ft. for vinyl siding, installed.
- $10–16 per sq. ft. for fiber cement or composite wood.
- $10–25 per sq. ft. for natural wood like cedar.
- $15–30 per sq. ft. for brick, stone, or stucco.
Get contractor quotes to dial in accurate installed costs for your specific project. The investment can pay off for years through added home value and energy savings.
How do I maintain wall cladding?
To keep your wall cladding materials looking their best for decades, follow these maintenance tips:
- Inspect cladding yearly for any damaged, loose, or warped boards that need replacement.
- Use mild cleaners and low-pressure washing to remove dirt and grime.
- Re-coat and reseal surfaces as needed per manufacturer instructions.
- Keep landscaping trimmed back from cladding to avoid moisture issues.
- Adjust downspouts to direct water away from cladding and foundations.
- Repaint surfaces when coatings fade or peel to maintain a protective finish.
- Ensure proper attic ventilation above cladding to prevent condensation risks.
With proper installation and routine care, quality cladding materials can retain both aesthetics and performance through harsh weather for over 50 years.
Key Takeaways on Wall Cladding
- Cladding exterior house walls with wood, siding, or panels offers aesthetics, weatherproofing, and insulation.
- Popular cladding options include wood, fiber, PVC, metal, brick, and stone.
- Benefits include curb appeal, energy efficiency, sturdiness, and weather/pest resistance.
- Consider budget, appearance, lifespan, eco-impact, isolation, weight, and installation difficulty when choosing covering materials.
- Proper installation requires securing furring strips, carefully aligning and affixing cladding boards, and finishing trim details.
- Maintain cladding through cleaning, repairs, sealing, and painting to extend the lifespan dramatically.
- Cladding your home’s walls is a smart investment that can pay off for decades to come through added home value, energy savings, and improved weather protection.
We hope this comprehensive guide gives you the information you need to decide on the best cladding options for protecting and enhancing your home. Let us know if you have any other questions!
Frequently Asked Questions
What is the easiest cladding to install?
PVC and some cladding are designed for simplified DIY installation. They use interlocking planks with nailless fastening. Fiber cement is also reasonably easy for DIYers.
What is the most cost-effective material?
On a pure cost basis, vinyl siding is the most affordable option. It offers a long lifespan for the low price, but comes with some drawbacks, like denting.
What covers require the least maintenance?
Fiber cement and compound materials that are engineered to resist rot and pests generally require less frequent repairs and painting than wood. PVC also needs minimal maintenance.
How long does wall cladding last?
With proper installation and care, fiber cement can last 50+ years. Natural wood and vinyl typically last 30–50 years. Regular maintenance is key for longevity.
Should cladding go over house wrap?
Yes, house wrap or similar weather barriers should be installed over the wall sheathing before applying planks. The wrap protects from wind and moisture damage.
What is composite cladding?
Composite cladding is a type of exterior siding that is made from a combination of different materials, such as wood fibers and plastics. It is designed to mimic the appearance of wood while providing sturdiness and low maintenance.
What are the benefits of using composite?
This option offers several benefits. It is highly durable and resistant to rot, decay, and termites. It is also low-maintenance, requiring only periodic cleaning. Cladding is available in a variety of colors and finishes, allowing you to achieve the aesthetic you desire for your home’s exterior siding.
Can composite be used for both residential and commercial buildings?
Yes, this covering can be used for both residential and commercial buildings. It is a versatile material that can be applied to any exterior surface, including homes, offices, and retail spaces.
Is composite cladding waterproof?
Yes, it is designed to be waterproof. It is resistant to moisture, making it an ideal choice for siding in areas with high humidity or frequent rainfall.
How is composite installed?
This cladding is typically installed using a shiplap system, where each panel overlaps the one below it to create a seamless appearance. The panels can be attached to the wall using screws or nails, and the installation process is similar to that of traditional wood siding.
Can composite cladding be used as a deck railing?
Yes, this cladding can be used as a deck railing. It is a popular choice for deck railings due to its durability and low maintenance requirements.
Can composite be used over existing cement or aluminum siding?
Yes, this cladding can be installed over existing cement or aluminum siding. This allows you to update the appearance of your home without the need for extensive demolition or removal of the existing siding.